The 2019-2021 Strategy of Innovative Development of the Republic of
Uzbekistan has been approved. What can we expect in the coming years on this
front? Uzbekistan Today correspondent
addressed the Minister of Innovative Development Ibrohim Abdurahmonov with
this and other questions.
- What do you expect
from the implementation of this strategy?
main goal is the development of human capital as the principal factor
determining the degree of the country’s competitiveness in the world arena
and its innovative progress. By 2030, we intend to join the list of 50
leading states of the world under the Global Innovation Index rating.
would like to draw attention to the innovative approach to evaluating the
results of the program. Previously, we used to praise ourselves, but no one
abroad seriously took our self-serving boasts. In order not to admit our own
mistakes, we avoided participation in various international studies and
ratings. One example is the ranking of the Global Innovation Index: we were
in it, but when our results began to deteriorate, we stopped cooperating
with its authors and left it. If we call everything by its own name, that
approach did not promote progressive development, but pulled us back.
everything will be different, as objective as possible. Progress will be
assessed based on 81 indicators, determined within the framework of ratings
and studies of international organizations. During the implementation of the
strategy along 34 indicators, the country plans to significantly improve its
position, and the assessment of achievements in 47 indicators will be
carried out for the first time. It will be produced in the spheres of public
administration, human capital and research activities, infrastructure,
markets, business, science and technology, creative results.
- What is to be done on
a word, we need to implement several sets of measures aimed at solving
and foremost, we must ensure the improvement of the quality and coverage of
education at all levels, the development of a system of continuous
education, the flexibility of the training system based on the needs of the
Second, there is an urgent need to bolster the scientific potential and
effectiveness of research and development, create effective mechanisms for
integrating education, science and entrepreneurship to widely implement the
results of research, development and technological work.
Thirdly, we must secure growth in the investment of public and private funds
in innovation, research, development and technology, the introduction of
modern and effective forms of financing activities in these areas.
Fourth, the efficiency of public authorities ought to be increased through
the introduction of modern management methods and techniques.
Fifth, we need to improve the system for ensuring the protection of property
rights, create competitive markets and equal conditions for businesses,
development of public-private partnership.
finally, it is necessary to work on delivering a sustainable socio-economic
- How will the education
Further improvement of the quality of learning in educational institutions
is to be achieved through the introduction of new educational programs,
modern pedagogical and smart technologies into the teaching and upbringing
process. We finally need to use the potential of electronic modules and
distance learning, not in words but in practice, to improve the quality of
the same time, we need an objective assessment of the quality of education.
Therefore, it is necessary to develop and implement a national system for
assessing the quality of education and its impact on the level of innovative
development of the country on the basis of systematic monitoring of the
results of the educational process at the regional and national levels.
Vocational education should be more accessible. A person wishing to obtain a
profession should not be constrained by some age and other framework that
restricts his/her access to professional knowledge. The colleges will engage
in professional retraining of young people, taking into account the rapidly
changing labor market trends in short-term training programs. In higher
education institutions, we will gradually abolish quotas for admission, they
will themselves determine the number of students accepted, based on their
capacities. Applicants will have the opportunity to simultaneously apply for
several universities, which will increase their chances of graduating. There
will be more universities; in the creation of new ones we will actively use
the potential of cooperation with foreign leading higher educational
will pay special attention to the quality of higher education. It is planned
to raise it thanks to the consolidation of the research component of higher
educational institutions on the basis of state support for the most active
universities in this field, selected according to the number of published
scientific articles, the citation index, participation in international
conferences and seminars, and the number of patents received. Leading
universities will have foresight centers. They will be engaged in
forecasting the development of innovation activities in order to develop
proposals for scenarios of the sector-based and regional economy. Their
tasks will also include the provision of scientific and technological
forecasting of the internal and external environment, the development of the
technological and innovative environment and priority innovative directions
of the higher educational institution.
Meanwhile, attention will be paid to the development of inclusive education.
Everyone should have equal access to education, regardless of health status.
- To secure innovative
development it is important that young people go to science. What will be
done to increase the attractiveness of the profession of the scientist?
First of all, a significant increase in funding for science is planned; it
will be brought up to 0.8% of GDP.
system of funding scientific research will receive a push forward. We will
have innovative funds, innovative banks, venture funds. We will simplify the
procedures and requirements for obtaining a bank loan to stimulate the
innovative development of the country. It is necessary to improve the
microfinance system of innovative development.
are going to stimulate the participation of the private sector in
identifying and financing the priorities of scientific and technological
development. We will create a constantly updated single database of
innovative projects and potential investors.
introduce the mechanism for organizing research through the public order for
carrying out research and development work on the program-target principle
using the mechanisms of project management. This will increase the
effectiveness of scientists’ participation in addressing pressing issues.
attention is to be paid to the development of innovation infrastructure, the
creation of conditions so that scientists can realize their potential. We
will buy modern scientific equipment. To create conditions for its effective
use, we are going to create centers for collective use of unique scientific
and technical equipment. But the equipment in them will be the most
was decided to deliver a public system of scientific and technical
information, including the national, branch, regional scientific and
technical information resources and organizations specializing in the
collection, storage and processing of domestic and foreign sources of
scientific and technical information, the formation, maintenance and use of
information funds, databases and data banks. This will facilitate access to
information about scientific inventions to all who are interested in them.
Scholars should be encouraged to implement their developments. To this end,
we will create national and regional technology transfer offices. It is
planned to create a hub for technology parks, free economic zones, free
industrial zones, small industrial zones and scientific and industrial
clusters for the development and introduction of advanced technologies.
Public support will be boosted for the formation of joint organizations with
foreign partners to produce domestic science-intensive goods and to sell
them on the foreign market.
Knowledge-intensive industries, in particular the sphere of IT-technology
and software product development, are to receive advancement. By 2021, the
share of exports of services in the field of information and communication
technologies will be brought to 4% of the total exports.
this will contribute to the fact that scientists will be engaged in solving
specific problems of the real sector of the economy.
- To make all this
doable, we need to boost competition, don’t we?
Absolutely correct. Therefore, its development in the concept is given
priority attention, including the development of corporate law and the
introduction of modern principles of corporate governance, taking into
account international practice. The formation of a competitive market that
stimulates the transition of the economy to an innovative development path
and efficient use of resources is to be formed.
will give priority attention to improving the antimonopoly policy, including
through the introduction of public-private partnerships, ensuring
non-discriminatory access to goods, works and services of natural monopoly
entities for all bodies corporate and individuals, and the introduction of
effective pricing mechanisms for the production of monopoly enterprises.
Equal conditions for carrying out entrepreneurial activities and preventing
the monopolization of the domestic market will be formed.