Experts from Central Asia and the Valdai International Discussion Club
discussed issues of promoting peace in Afghanistan
Н о в о с т и
Experts from Central Asia and the Valdai
International Discussion Club discussed issues of promoting peace in
On 26 August 2020 the Institute for Strategic and
Interregional Studies under the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan and
the Valdai International Discussion Club held an online conference on the
topic "Opportunities of Russia and Central Asian States in Afghanistan".
Leading experts from Russia and Central Asian countries took part in the
On the Russian side - diplomats, scientists, and researchers representing
the Valdai International Discussion Club, the Center for East Asian and SCO
Studies, the Institute for International Studies of the Moscow State
Institute of International Relations of the Russian Foreign Ministry, the
Russian Council on International Affairs attended the event.
The expert community of CA countries was represented by leading analysts
from the Kazakhstan Council on International Relations, the Kazakhstan
Institute for Strategic Studies under the President of the Republic of
Kazakhstan, the National Institute for Strategic Studies of the Kyrgyz
Republic, the Center for Strategic Research under the President of the
Republic of Tajikistan, the Information and Analytical Center for
International Relations and the University of World Economy and Diplomacy at
the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Uzbekistan.
During the event, a thorough exchange of views took place on the prospects
for the development of the situation in Afghanistan, issues of strengthening
cooperation between Russia and the Central Asian countries in the field of
regional security, the processes of peaceful reconstruction of Afghanistan
and the country’s integration into regional trade and economic ties were
Speaking at the conference, First Deputy Director of the Institute for
Strategic and Interregional Studies under the President of the Republic of
Uzbekistan Akramjon Nematov noted that the establishment of peace and
stability in Afghanistan, its economic recovery are of key importance for
ensuring the security and sustainable development of the vast Eurasian
The expert emphasized that there is no alternative to resolving the
situation in Afghanistan through political dialogue and the implementation
of an inclusive peace process by the Afghans themselves and under the
leadership of the Afghans themselves.
At the same time, the International Conference on Afghanistan, held in March
2018 in Tashkent at the initiative of the Presidents of Uzbekistan and
Afghanistan, Shavkat Mirziyoyev and Ashraf Ghani, served as an important
political basis for launching the process of a political settlement in this
country. The Tashkent Declaration, adopted at the end of the conference,
consolidated a comprehensive consensus at the regional and global levels on
the need for an early start of direct inter-Afghan negotiations, became a
kind of strategy for further peacebuilding in Afghanistan.
Akramjon Nematov pointed to the fundamental importance of comprehensive
support from the international community for a continuous and progressive
process of peaceful intra-Afghan negotiations to achieve long-term and
sustainable peace in Afghanistan.
A major step forward in a peaceful, inclusive negotiation process was the
signing of the Peace Agreement between the United States and the Taliban in
Doha in February this year, which provided a historic chance to end the
40-year war in Afghanistan and reaffirmed the impossibility of solving the
Afghan problem by military means.
In turn, Andrey Bystritsky, Chairman of the Council of the Foundation for
Development and Support of the Valdai International Discussion Club,
expressed a conceptual vision of the processes in Afghanistan through the
prism of the interests of Russia and the Central Asian states.
They noted the need to continue the consolidated international and regional
support to Afghanistan in restoring the economy of this country so that it
can firmly stand on the tracks of peaceful development in the post-conflict
Considering economic development as an indispensable condition for ensuring
sustainable and long-term peace in Afghanistan, the experts stressed the
importance of developing a broad international program for the post-war
reconstruction of Afghanistan.
In this regard, the participants of the online meeting supported the efforts
of the countries of the region to develop trade and economic cooperation
with Afghanistan, including through the implementation of infrastructure
projects, creating favorable conditions for the expansion of border trade,
air, road and rail freight traffic.
It was noted that it is precisely the strengthening of transport,
communication and trade and economic interaction with Afghanistan that can
significantly enhance the opportunities for the development of transregional
cooperation, create favorable conditions for the launch and implementation
of joint projects in this country in the field of energy, trade,
agriculture, education, and culture.
The conference participants were unanimous in the opinion that joint
programs for the economic development of Afghanistan will become a powerful
driver for strengthening interconnectedness, sustainable development, and
shared prosperity in Eurasia, and can serve as a factor in building
consensus between stakeholders on the need to achieve long-term peace in
In general, the virtual meeting was held in a friendly and constructive
atmosphere, allowed the participants of the event to exchange views and
develop agreed approaches bоth in promoting the long-awaited peace in
Afghanistan and restoring the country’s peaceful economy.
The Institute for Strategic and Interregional Studies under the President of
the Republic of Uzbekistan and the Valdai International Discussion Club
interact within the framework of the Cooperation Agreement, in particular,
exchange experts, mutually participate in events organized by the parties.
In 2019, the joint X Asian Conference of the Valdai International Discussion
Club on the theme "Central Asia and Eurasia: Multilateral Cooperation in the
Face of the Challenges of Global Disorder" was held in Samarkand. The event
was attended by over 80 authoritative experts from 11 countries, including
Uzbekistan, Russia, China, Germany, Japan, Sweden, India, the Philippines,
Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan.